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Benkelman Elementary Physical Education

Kindergarten Curriculum

 

 

     The characteristics of the learner in the primary grades demand that more attention be focused on the learning process and the child at this level.  Low-organized activities are important at this level, since young children are active and learn best when they find enjoyment through participation.

     Most of the activities for these children are individual in nature centering on movement experiences and rhythms.  Emphasis is placed on simple stunts and low organized games.  While an accent on cooperation with others will be necessary, little emphasis will be placed on group or team play.  Children will be given an opportunity to explore, create, and try out activities.

     It is widely documented and universally accepted among educators that children's motor skills develop with a wide range of variation in terms of chronological age.  We do know however, the sequence of skill development appears to progress in an orderly fashion.

     Three developmental patterns have been identified by Dauer and Pangrazi in their book, " Dynamic Physical For Elementary School Children".

1)      Development in general proceeds from head to foot (cephalocaudally), that is, coordination and management of body parts occur in the upper body before they are observed in the lower.  The child can therefore throw before he can kick.

2)      Development occurs from inside to outside ( proximodistally).  For example, the child can control her arm before she can control her hand.  She can therefore reach for objects before she can grasp them.

3)      Development proceeds from the general to the specific.  Gross motor movements occur before fine motor coordination and refined movement patterns.  As the child learns motor skills, nonproductive movement is gradually eliminated. 

     The Three E's of Movement: Enrichment and Exposure to a wide range of activities which allow in pat, for Exploratory movement opportunities.

     Through prescribed movement, children will begin the develop their body management and other fundamental skills.  Their visual-tactile coordination will be enhanced through simple manipulative activities.  These movement experiences lay the foundation for developing physical fitness, which plays a strong role in the learning of specialized sports skill patterns.

 

Kindergarten Physical Education Program

 

Weekly Plan and Activities-Semester 1-5 Day Program-25 Minutes Each Session

 

Day 1

Instant Activity

Balance

Body and Space

Simple Game

Closing Activity

 

Day 2

Instant Activity

Jump and Sequence

Rhythms

Hand/Eye Coordination

Closing Activity

 

Day 3

Instant Activity

Social Skills

Small Motor Coordination

Simple Game

Closing Activity

 

Day 4

Instant Activity

Body Coordination

Seated Rope Pulls

Simple Game

Closing Activity

 

Day 5

Instant Activity

Locomotor Skills

Eye/Foot Coordination

Closing Activity

 

Time Allotment For Activities Each Day:

Activity                         Time                 Total Time        Pct.

Instant Acvities                5                      25                    20%

Balance                           5                      5                        4%

Body and Space              5                      5                        4%

Eye/Foot Coordination    5                      5                        4%

Jumping and Sequencing  5                      5                        4%